The Elamites after several years of warfare were forced to capitulate, and their capital, Susa, was destroyed. Seton Lloyd, Foundations in the Dust: A Story of Mesopotamian Exploration (1947), gives an interesting account of the excavation of the palace at Nineveh and the discovery of Ashurbanipal's library. Ashur-etil-ilani, King of Assyria, King of Assyria, http://www.forumromanum.org/literature/justin/english/trans1.html, http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/research_projects/ashurbanipal_library_phase_1.aspx, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ashurbanipal&oldid=536933798. Ashurbanipal (died ca. When his father, Sennacherib, had been assassinated, Esarhaddo… The king’s mistakes, whether intentional or unintentional, could be interpreted by the gods with prejudice and could provoke divine displeasure or anger. All information has been reproduced here for educational and informational purposes to benefit site visitors, and is provided at no charge... Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Assurbanipal - Assurbanipal Biography - Poem Hunter. Roman historian Justinus identified him as Sardanapalus. World Eras. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). The "House of Succession" had become the palace of Esarhaddon, the crown prince. Designated crown prince in 672 B.C. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ashurbanipal, "Ashurbanipal Encyclopedia of World Biography. was a king of Egypt, the second and greatest of the Lagid dynasty of Macedonian kings who ruled Egypt between 323 and 30 B.…, Edom Answer. ." Ashurbanipal spent the middle years of his reign in a bitter struggle with his brother. Ashurbanipal was born in 685 BCE. ." B. Ashurbanipal ordered that complete editions of omen series, rituals, lexical texts (lists of signs or words), and literary texts be assembled. Encyclopedia.com. Services, The Neo-Babylonian & Neo-Assyrian Empires, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. . 1. Encyclopedia.com. . The Country World Eras. (Bethesda, Md. Early life. Digging in mounds of ancient Assyria during the 1840s, the British explorer Austen Henry Layard discovered a library of some thirty thousand fragments of cuneiform tablets, which had been preserved because they were baked in the conflagration that swept the city when it was sacked in 612 b.c.e. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ashurbanipal. Little is known of Ashurbanipal's last years, though private documents hint at shrinking frontiers and the dislocation of trade. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Ashurbanipal was born toward the end of a fifteen-hundred-year period of Assyrian ascendancy. The tablets in the library were acquired during the reign of Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. He rebuilt Nineveh and destroyed…, Ptolemy II (308-246 B.C.) We will not share your e-mail address with outside parties as per our feedback privacy statement.Submit ratings, Saved successfullyYour ratings have not been submitted yetYour ratings have expiredPlease reevaluate this page and submit new ratings. Tablets and writing boards were taken, sometimes by force, from temples, other royal libraries, and private collections. Ashur-uballit II, Persondata Name Ashurbanipal Alternative names Short description Date of birth 685 BC Place of birth Date of death 627 BC Place of death Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ashurbanipal&oldid=536933798" View page ratingsRate this page Rate this page Page ratings What's this?Current average ratings. However, the date of retrieval is often important. 5, Arthur Carl Piepkorn, ed., Historical Prism Inscriptions of Ashurbanipal I (1933). was born toward the end of a 1500-year period of Assyrian ascendancy. © Poems are the property of their respective owners. Esarhaddon was not the son of Sennacherib's queen, Tashmetum-sharrat, but of the West Semitic "palace woman" … Assyria's end was not far off, but few at the time of his death, about 630, would have dared to predict it. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. His father, Esarhaddon, youngest son of Sennacherib, had become heir when the crown prince, Ashur-nadin-shumi, was deposed by rebels from his position as a vassal of Babylon. His greatest campaigns were against the pre-Iranian civilization, Elam, which was eventually destroyed between 665 and 646 BC. 630 B.C.) Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Ashurbanipal was born toward the end of a fifteen-hundred-year period of Assyrian ascendancy. Esarhaddon was the son not of Sennacherib's queen, Tashmetum-sharrat, but of the West Semitic "palace woman" Zakutu, "the pure" (cf. ." Thousands of cuneiform tablets found in the ruins of this palace show Ashurbanipal's wide range of interests. 630 B.C.) Assyrian king In 652 Shamash-shumukin rebelled with Elamite aid against Assyrian hegemony, and the revolt was joined by the Chaldeans of South Babylonia, the Arameans and Arabs, and the princes of Palestine. "The land of Edom" is the mo…, Elam He was human. (October 16, 2020). His elder brother, Shamash-shum-ukin, ruled separated as the king of Babylon. Ashurbanipal's first task was the settlement of Egypt, recently conquered by Esarhaddon. Bury, S. A. Cook, and F. W. Adcock, eds., The Cambridge Ancient History, vol. "Ashurbanipal When pieced together these fragments constitute a royal library of more than two thousand tablets. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. The monarch, one of the few Mesopotamian rulers who claimed to be literate, ordered his courtiers to search for copies of texts throughout the realm. . Seventeen years later, Ashurbanipal succeeded his father as king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Ashurbanipal (also spelled Assurbanipal, etc.) Why was Babylon important to Mesopotamia? was the last great king of the Assyrian Empire. Sources ." (October 16, 2020). Olof Pedersén, Archives and Libraries in the Ancient Near East, 1500–300 B.C. Esarhaddon defeats Urartu, secures borders of his empire. Sennacherib (reigned 705-681 B.C. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal His name in Assyrian is "Ashur-bani-apli," meaning "Ashur has made another son." Ashurbanipal was born toward the end of a fifteen-hundred-year period of Assyrian ascendancy. Ashurbanipal attacked Elam, starved the Babylonian cities into submission, and in 648 captured Babylon; Shamashshum-ukin perished in the flames of his burning city. "Ashurbanipal Library Use. ", For a general account of the reign of Ashurbanipal consult A. T. Olmstead, History of Assyria (1923), and J. All rights reserved. 673 BCE. During his reign, the empire saw its largest expansion. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/ashurbanipal, "Ashurbanipal ), a king of Assyria, was one of the four great kings of the late Assyrian Empire. Ashurbanipal then defeated Tyre, which had aided Egypt, and made an alliance with Lydia against the threat of Cimmerian hordes to the northeast. c. 680 BCE. The collection was not assembled to be used as a lending library. Reign of Esarhaddon who expands the empire. Native princes were appointed as vassal rulers, but after repeated revolts by Egyptians the country was put under military occupation in 663 and Memphis and Thebes destroyed. When did the Neo-Babylonian Empire start and... What was life like in the Neo-Babylonian... What was the Neo-Babylonian Empire known for? עילם, ' eylam; Elamite halhatamti; Akk. He was the son of Queen Ashur-Hamat and King Esarhaddon. Esarhaddon defeats the Cimmerians. He was an able soldier and administrator, a scholar, and a patron of art and learning.
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